The principal recorded handwritten letter (epistle) was by Persian Queen Atossa around 500 BC.
The stepped letter we realize today appeared in the reign of Queen Victoria in 1840.
Before this date letters did not have stamps or envelopes and the beneficiary of the letter needed to pay on its receipt.
Letters were collapsed and fixed by wax with ring or hand seal.
A Full History
Narrating, melody, celebrations and inceptions are only a portion of the numerous ways individuals of the past attempted to save their customs and recollections. Individuals checked things as a methods for passing data to other people, this included stamping of stone, indents in mud, hitched lengths of rope and scratching of plates of lead, copper and wood with a style made of iron.
Babylonians composed cosmic perceptions on blocks of dirt, the Chinese tablets of stone on antiquated landmarks, the presentation of characters from nature, fire, water, monsters of the earth and flying creatures of flight, the start of the Syllabic technique for composing for example the utilization of characters to speak to sounds.
Antiquated cast of Queen Atossa
As per the declaration of antiquated student of history Hellanicus the primary recorded transcribed letter (epistle) was by Persian Queen Atossa little girl of Syrus, mother of Xerxes around 500 BC.
The leaves of plants and the bark of trees propelled the utilization of composing. The linden tree was especially great permitting the collapsing of its bark. Egyptian papyrus made conceivable the old libraries of Alexandria and Pergamum. The Roman Emperor Claudius built up another more grounded kind of cross layered papyrus which was not harmed by utilization of the calamus (reed).
Papyrus turned out to be so prominent a composition material that laws where presented anticipating it leaving its nation of beginning in the East. This caused a lack of papyrus in the West which prompted the presentation of new composition materials Vellum and Parchment created from creature skins. Saxons of the dull ages utilized the bark of the beech tree, called boc, from whence comes the word book.
The style (pen) utilized in old occasions was produced using wood, metal or bone molded to a point. A reed was utilized on papyrus and material dunked in Indian/China ink, produced using the discharge of cuttlefish. The fifth century saw the utilization of (goose) plumes in Saxon England.
Lead pencils were utilized in old Greece yet just as a brief marker to be scoured out later. It wasn’t until the fourteenth century that pencils produced using a lead composite wound up famous and in like manner use as a composition actualize.
About the tenth century from the Far East toward the West came cotton paper which was in like manner use by the twelfth century. An incredible development recorded as a hard copy material came in the fourteenth century with the presentation of paper produced using cloth clothes. This technique for making paper proceeded for a few hundred years.
The Roman Emperor Trajan directed that positus (bearers) be positioned at customary separations with chariots hanging tight to transport critical records, this is the place the word post is inferred. You can read more about letters.ie here.
Preceding 1840 letters were conveyed by dispatch, mentor or steed rider. The collector of the letter needed to pay on its receipt and the expense was dependant on the quantity of pages and separation voyaged. To keep the substance of the letter from being perused by others they were fixed utilizing a hued wax with ring or handheld seal.
In May 1840 Great Britain presented the primary prepaid stamp across the nation postal conveyance administration, with the Penny Black stamp (representation of the youthful Queen Victoria) for letters under a large portion of an ounce and the Twopenny Blue stamp for letters over. This was before long pursued by different nations presenting comparative frameworks.
The United States presented a constrained postal administration in August 1842 pursued by a uniform 5 pennies charge in 1845 and institutionalized stamps in 1847. Irish stamps first happened in 17 February 1922, when they started overwriting British stamps in Dublin.